When designing a grammar lesson, there are some steps to follow and principles to keep in mind:
- Choose grammar appropriate for the level (something challenging but do-able). Remember to think not just about form but also about function. How many forms are you going to teach? How many functions?
- Find or think of a suitable context for the grammar. For example, if you choose to teach the form ‘going to’ with the function of expressing future ideas / plans at pre-intermediate level, your context could be ‘planning a party’.
- Choose an approach to teaching the grammar: via a text, via a situation (sometimes called PPP), or via a task (test-teach-test).
- Make sure your lesson
- starts with a lead-in which introduces the context, not the grammar
- keeps more or less to the same context throughout
- clarifies the meaning, pronunciation and form of the target language (TL)
- encourages the students to participate in the clarification of the TL
- gives students sufficient practice of the TL
Choose a grammar area to teach an intermediate level group of students in a 60-minute lesson.
Choose a context and approach (see above). You can come up with something yourself or use a coursebook or online material.
- Give a rationale for your choices.
- Make reference to at least one academic source in relation to your choices.
- Include in an appendix a copy of any material that you refer to and reference it appropriately.